Contemporary

The hotel Omm facade seems to us an interesting study case in many aspects. On the one hand the wise strategy that leads to orientate the openings towards the main avenue –Passeig the Gràcia- avoiding prying eyes from the building in the opposite side of the street, as well as direct sun gains. On the second hand the risky materialization of the above mentioned strategy, transforming the outer layer of a rain screen façade into a series of light weight walls that emerge from the façade as fish scales.

Glass: lightness, transparency; that is the message the façade of this police headquarters building wants to give. And it achieves to do it even though the façade is nor light, neither transparent. Resorting to the horizontal serigraphy combined with the thin eaves projecting shadow over the façade contributes an image of dynamism typical of an inhabited interior. If we take a deeper look we will see the glass is quite reflective and the eaves are randomly distributed even in the opaque area of the façade. 

In IEP, the courtyard and the interior office space are perceived as a continuum. This close relationship between inner and outer spaces is one of the most interesting aspect of the building. The facade solution is the necessary resource to achieve it. This glass enclosure is freed from any structure just by making the glass work like plates resting on two supports instead of four.

The facade that closes the south face of the tower seems from the outside as a simple stick curtain wall of little interest, if it was not for the fact of being photovoltaic. However, we have dedicated it a section here given the uniqueness of the space it contains and the abstraction in its design that this allows. This curtain wall is the enclosure of the elevator core and, therefore, is devoid of many of the requirements of a facade.

This emblematic building at the London financial district is characterized by keeping its formal unity beyond the differences existing in the design of the facades depending on their orientation. Case "Devoid from human scale (034)" talks about the southwest façade of this same building.Southeast and Norwest facades call our attention due to the sobriety that confers them the enormous glazed surface, only interrupted every three floors by horizontal bands of stainless steel.

The Forum Building façade has hardly been commented, maybe eclipsed at the time it was built by some other buildings in the area, and by some other aspects of the Forum Building itself. However, after fourteen years, this risky lightweight solution has completely succeed by being integrated in the town landscape. The original electric blue has slightly turn off at the same time that a salty dust patina has added enriching nuances.

Batlle and Roig resort in this occasion to a curtain wall where partial structures are assembled at each slab front without physical continuity between them. Glass panes are then supported over those partial structures to close the façade (have a look to "Cadireta" curtain wall structure). Each two glass panes are framed with an aluminum frame made with unitized panels profiles. Is it then a unitized façade or a curtain wall one? Maybe a mixture?

The ventilated façade of the Institut Geològic de Catalunya -IGC- responds with the inner layer to the needs in terms of windows distribution that the use requires; and with the exterior, to formal aspects. The perforated corten sheet that clads the entire facade allows giving an abstract image, solving domesticity behind it. This perforated metal sheet, beyond showing a certain drawing, allows playing with transparencies, a rich composition resource possible in multilayer facades.

The world of the facade, in constant evolution, allows us to conceive today a "conventional" façade in terms of the layers order; not conventional according to the building construction techniques and materials.The main sheet is a discontinuous structure that allows to lodge the insulation in its thickness. The inside finishing is also resolved over a discontinuous structure. Only the rendering is still a rendering, although analyzing its composition and benefits we see that innovation has also reached him.

Years after the construction of the AC hotel in the Forum area, the one in Sants was built. The constructive solution adopted for the rain screen facade is practically the same in both cases. Again a lightweight enclosure when the use demands low thermal mass solutions.Again a reinforced frame supporting the window as the necessary structure to release an opening in this unidirectional facade structures. This frame, originally conceived to assume tolerances between the brick wall and the window, far from losing its sense gains new functions in that sort of facades.